According to Wikipedia, engineering is “the science, discipline, art and profession of acquiring and applying technical, scientific and mathematical knowledge to design and implement materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and processes that safely realize a desired objective or inventions.”
Engineering has existed to some degree since the dawn of man. Tens of thousands of years ago, primitive engineering skills were used to create basic technologies like shoes and weapons, coats and fishing traps. Later, more developed cultures engineered growing methods that sparked the agriculture revolution. The discovery of calculus by Leibniz and Newton and its subsequent application to engineering was a fundamental precursor to the dawn of the Industrial Revolution. Within the 20th century engineering techniques have been applied in the development of everything from oil extraction machinery, mass fertilizer production, computers, antibiotics, air conditioning and food processing. These kinds of advancements have led to dramatic population growth, increased life expectancy and higher standards of living.
With every new advancement comes greater responsibility and more complications. It is also true that technological progress is accelerating. Thus, it is imperative that engineering and technology continue to be developed and implemented by the best and most trustful minds to counteract any negative impacts to the environment. Through accelerated and regulated development of technology, problems like global warming, energy depletion and food scarcity can be solved. It has to be a joint effort from many different sectors of society, but engineering must play a central role.